The State of California has an enormous unmet need for early care and education, with many parts of the state considered child care deserts and a pandemic which has heightened the child care gap, causing the closure of numerous child care facilities across the state. This is an important time to mitigate closures and increase the supply and access of quality child care programs across the state through a diverse delivery system, get parents back to work, and provide economic stimulus to communities.
On July 23, 2021, the Legislature enacted the Child Care and Development Infrastructure Grant Program, detailed in Welfare and Institutions Code section 10310., a $250 million investment in the child care infrastructure across the State of California that is to be administered in the form of grants by the California Department of Social Services (CDSS). The CDSS will administer $100 million in grants for minor construction, renovations, and repairs to address health and safety concerns. Additionally, the CDSS will administer $150 million in grants for major construction of shovel-ready child care facilities. The CDSS will put out two (2) separate Request for Applications (RFAs) on a competitive basis for each funding source.
If you have any questions regarding the RFA, please submit your questions via email to CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q. When will I receive the grant award? When do I get my money?
A. Successful applicants can expect funding within 120 to 150 days from the date the grant agreement is signed by all parties.
Q. How will I receive the grant award? Do you wire the money?
A. Awards will be disbursed via paper check to the address identified on form STD 204- Payee Data Record. The form STD 204 must be completed correctly prior to payment.
Checks will look like this example:
Q. Do I need to wait for the money before I start on the approved projects?
A. Funding must be secured before any projects are started.CDSS is not responsible for any costs incurred prior to executing a grant agreement with the grantee.Grant funds will only be disbursed in accordance with the terms of the grant agreement.
Q. I purchased approved equipment prior to receiving the grant award (washer, dryer, HVAC). Can I reimburse myself?
A. Grant funds will only be disbursed in accordance with the terms of the grant agreement.CDSS is not responsible for any costs incurred prior to executing a grant agreement with the grantee.
Q. Do I need to keep my receipts?
A. Yes, it is best practice to keep any applicable receipts for the purposes of grant monitoring or reporting and may be required pursuant to your grant agreement. It is also important for child care programs to maintain their records on how funds were spent, per the terms of your grant agreement, for three (3) years after the grant agreement expires. Your project will be monitored to ensure the project is in compliance with grant agreement terms, including submission of receipts prior to the grant agreement end date.Details on grant monitoring will be communicated in the coming months.
Q. If approved, is it mandatory to complete all my sub-projects? Or only complete what I can once I reach the awarded amount?
A. Grants are awarded based upon your application and project scope and may only be used on approved items listed in your grant award letter and/or grant agreement. You are responsible for managing your projects and grant budget and ensuring that projects are completed.Please refer to the terms and conditions in your grant agreement.
Q. If initial estimates, bids, or costs have increased or expired, am I allowed to look elsewhere for the fulfillment?
A. If initial estimates, bids, or costs are no longer valid, you may obtain estimates or bids from alternate suppliers, vendors, and/or contractors, subject to the terms of your grant agreement.Requests to use new or replacement contractors and/or provide updated bids/estimates must be uploaded to Submittable (the online portal used to submit your application) and approved by a Program Officer prior to purchasing materials or commencing work.Please note the grant budget will not be increased, the scope should remain the same, and replacement contractors must be licensed and meet all applicable criteria stated in the Request for Applications and grant agreement.
Q. Will additional grant money be provided for any cost increases?
A. No, there are no plans to grant additional funds. It is the grantee’s responsibility to manage the grant and project budget accordingly.
Q. Can I do some of the labor myself (free of charge) on some of the sub-projects and only use the funds to purchase materials?
A. No, the work needs to be completed in the manner stated in your original application and in accordance with the grant agreement.If a bid was provided from a licensed contractor and funds were approved based on that, then work must be completed accordingly.
Q. Is it possible to send me a breakdown of the awarded amount for each sub-project?
A. No, grant awards were based on bids/estimates submitted in the application. Any items that were capped at a certain amount will be indicated in the approved use of funds list. It is the grantee’s responsibility to manage the project and grant budget accordingly.
Q. The lower cost contractors are listed in the allowed funding. Can I choose a different company or contractor to do the work if I pay the additional cost?
A. Grantees may request approval to use a replacement contractor or estimate by uploading bid information to Submittable (the online portal used to submit your application).The request must be approved by a Program Officer prior to purchasing materials or commencing work.Grantees may use approved alternate contractors at a higher cost, however, the grant budget will not be increased, the scope should remain the same, and replacement contractors must be licensed and meet all applicable criteria stated in the Request for Applications and grant agreement.
Q. Do I need to advise you which contractor is chosen to do the work?
A. Applicants are expected to manage contractor relationships through the completion of the project and utilize the bid approved in the original grant application.If initial estimates, bids, or costs are no longer valid, you may obtain estimates or bids from alternate suppliers, vendors, and/or contractors, subject to the terms of your grant agreement. Requests to use new or replacement contractors and/or provide updated bids/estimates must be uploaded to Submittable (the online portal used to submit your application) and approved by a Program Officer prior to purchasing materials or commencing work.Please note the grant budget will not be increased, the scope should remain the same, and replacement contractors must be licensed and meet all applicable criteria stated in the Request for Applications and grant agreement.
Q. A contractor is on the unallowable list due to no contractor’s license or a lapsed contractor’s license. Can I still use that contractor?
A. Refer to RFA page 14 - Applicants should not sign contracts with contractors until funding is secured.Applicants shall be expected to manage contractor relationships through the completion of the project.Applicants are expected to conduct due diligence when obtaining bids and selecting contractors.Contractors shall have current licenses and carry liability and workers compensation insurance if they have employees.Contractors may be searched on the Department of Consumer Affairs Contractors State License Board webpage to review if a license is current, what insurance they carry, and if they have any complaints.Please refer to your grant agreement for additional requirements.
Q. If a contractor with a lapsed license provided their updated license later in the process, do I need to provide that information to you?
A. Applicants are expected to manage contractor relationships through the completion of the project.Applicants are expected to conduct due diligence when obtaining bids and selecting contractors.
Q. In the award letter, the award date is 7/1/2022, but I have not received the funding.There is a 120 day time restriction.Does the 120 day period start the day I receive the money? What if I can’t complete everything within 120 days?
A. The grant agreement term will end on 6/30/2023, which allows applicants to complete projects in a timely manner. Additionally, technical assistance will be provided to support the full utilization of grant funding.
Q. Will you offer a second round or more opportunities to apply?
A. The Minor Renovation and Repairs application ended March 25, 2022 and will not reopen. There will be a New Construction and Major Renovation RFA soon, release date to be determined (TBD).
Q. How many grants will be awarded?
A. Grant notifications will be released on a rolling basis starting 6/28/2022 and ending January of 2023 for this funding opportunity.A final funding list of grantees will be posted to the CDSS website once complete (to be announced).
Q. Must my family child care program or center be licensed and/or what if we have any violations? Is there a time requirement for holding a license?
A. Please refer to the RFA participation eligibility section which provides that project sites shall be located in the State of California, serve children and families in California, operate as a California licensed Child Care Center or licensed Family Child Care Home for at least one year prior to August 1, 2021.Refer to the RFA which states that program must be in “Good Standing”, and Child Care Center and Family Child Care Homes must be licensed at the location for which funds were requested at least a year prior to August 1, 2021.
Q. If my program must close temporarily due to COVID-19 or due to some other illness, injury, or surgery can I still accept this grant award?
A. If the close is temporary, you must notify your Program Officer and CDSS to determine next steps.
Q. What documents will I be required to submit before I can receive the money?
A. Grant funds will not be disbursed until a grant agreement is signed by all parties and all requirements for funding are fulfilled by the grantee.Applicants must ensure that information provided on STD 204- Payee Data Record of their grant award package is complete and accurate. An incomplete or incorrect STD 204 will delay the grant execution process and payment process.CDSS is not responsible for any costs incurred prior to executing a grant agreement with the grantee.Grant funds will only be disbursed in accordance with the terms of the grant agreement. Additional documents may be requested as needed.
Q. How can I contact your organization if I have other questions?
A. Applicants may contact CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov for questions and may also refer to the FAQs to answer some common questions and concerns.Grantees will also be assigned to a Program Officer from the Low Income Investment Fund (LIIF) who will work with you on full execution of the grant.
Q. Do I need to report to you on how grant dollars were spent?
A. Please refer to your signed grant agreement and Request for Applications, as grants will be monitored for compliance. You will be required to report on how grant dollars were spent by providing receipts, invoices, and other documentation required by CDSS and the grant agreement.More details on documenting the use of funds will be communicated in the coming months.
Q. How do I know if you have received my signed grant agreement?
A. Once the grant agreement is electronically signed and submitted by you, a “submission has been executed” message is sent to your email from RightSignature. You will also receive a Submittable notification that your signed grant agreement has been received once it has been sent to the CDSS. Please remember to check your email for notification.
Q. If there was a typo on my grant agreement in the listed allowable items, does it need to be corrected?
A. If there are errors in your grant agreement or award letter, please contact CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov and request a revision right away.
Q. Will I receive a Form 1099?
A. Yes, the State Controller’s Office issues a Form 1099 for payments made by the State Controller.
Q. Why is my Submittable application status still “in-progress”?
A. The Submittable application status will remain at “in-progress” until the CDSS has completed all verifications necessary to grant an award.After all verifications have been completed, your application status will be updated to either “Accept” or “Decline” depending on the outcome of those verifications.
Q. What do we do if we began approved projects prior to funding? What if the scope of work changed due to unforeseen circumstances and it differs from the approved use of funds?
A. After funds are approved and disbursed, you will be assigned a Program Officer from the Low Income Investment Fund (LIIF) who will work with you on grant monitoring, managing grant projects, budgets, etc.Please also see your grant agreement and responses to other FAQs.
Q. What are the grant reporting requirements?
A. Please refer to the terms of your grant agreement for reporting requirements.Additionally, you may contact your assigned Program Officer for more information.
Q. Do you require photos of the completed projects?
A. Yes, photographs of completed projects should be uploaded to your program account through the reporting form in Submittable. In some cases, LIIF may request “before” photos as well. In addition, the Department holds the right to conduct site visits.
Q. Can we request an extension past June 30, 2023 if we are unable to complete our project in time (within 120 days)
A. You may work with your assigned Program Officer to discuss time extensions for your project.
Q. How do applicants request an appeal?
A. Appeal eligibility and information is contained in the Request for Applications.
Q. Are all applicants eligible to request an appeal?
A. Appeal eligibility and information is contained in the Request for Applications.
Q. I received a call that was for a grant, and I am wondering if it was from CDSS or just something else?
A. CDSS is not contacting applicants by phone. If awarded, a notification will be sent to the email that was used to submit the application. If additional information is needed, contact will be via email or via Microsoft Teams meeting.
Q. What is the purpose of the Child Care and Development Infrastructure Grant Program?
A. Assembly Bill 131, authorizes the Department to administer the Child Care and Development Infrastructure Grant Program to expand access to childcare and development and preschool opportunities for children up to five years of age by providing resources to build new facilities or retrofit, renovate, repair, or expand existing facilities (Cal. Welfare and Institutions Code Section 10310.1)
Q. What are the funding sources for the Child Care and Development Infrastructure Grant Program?
A. AB 131 sets aside funding as part of the Infrastructure Grant to be used for activities to improve the quality of childcare. The Infrastructure Grant consists of a total of $250 million and is set forth in Budget Bill SB 129.
Of the $250 million:
- $150 million is from General Fund resources (listed in Budget Bill SB 129 - Sec. 170. Item 5180-101-0001) to fund new construction or major renovations of existing buildings currently not being used as child care facilities.
- $100 million provided by the American Rescue Plan Act of 2020 (listed in Budget Bill SB 129 - Sec. 197 Item 6100-149-0890) to fund minor renovations and repairs related to meeting licensing requirements or health and safety standards.
Q. How will the field be notified of when/how/where we can apply for these funds?
A. The department will notify the field when the Request for Application (RFA) is released through a Child Care Bulletin (CCB). This CCB will provide detailed information and instructions on how to access and complete the RFA. Additionally, a stakeholder webinar will also be held to walk potential grantees through the process of completing the RFA.
Q. When are the RFAs for Infrastructure Grant being released?
A. The current targeted release date for the RFA for minor renovation and repairs is winter 2021-22. The targeted release date for the RFA for new construction or major renovations of existing buildings currently not being used as child care facilities will be in late Summer/early Fall 2022.
Q. Will there be a cap on the amount grantees can apply for?
A. At this time, the Department is in the process of determining how the funds will be dispersed and if there will be a cap on the amount awarded.
Q. Can these funds be applied to a project that is in progress (or may even be completed by the time funds arrive)?
A. The Department is in the process of determining the allowable expenses and projects for this grant period. The Department is considering options such as targeting shovel ready projects and using ARPA funds to potentially reimburse projects for minor renovation and repairs.
Q. What is a “Shovel Ready’ project?
A. The Department is in the process of determining the definition of “Shovel Ready”. This information will be outlined in the RFA.
Q. What is the time frame for use of the funds?
A. Depending on the project and funding source, grantees will be required to expend funds as determined in the Request for Applications (RFA). We understand that some larger projects can take multiple years to complete and are taking this into consideration. At this time, the Department is required to have the funds fully expended as follows: the ARPA funds by 9/30/2023 and the General Funds by 6/30/2024.
Q. Has the Department taken the input from the CDE stakeholder feedback sessions in November 1999, that people provided on what is needed and will/won't work on the ground.
A. Yes, but to ensure we have all the feedback, we encourage to forward any information to the mailbox, CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov.
Q. What technical assistance will be available for communities preparing to create new facilities in childcare deserts?
A. As part of the new funding, communities can use a percentage of the funding to seek technical assistance from intermediaries with expertise in this field. We will outline this information in the forthcoming RFAs.
Q. Will there be a stakeholder input session for both RFAs?
A. Yes, a stakeholder input session was held on November 4 wherein feedback was received from both center-based and home-based providers. That feedback will be considered as the RFAs are written. We encourage all further input be send to the email inbox at CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov.
Q. Will there be informational webinars for the field outlining the grant program and the RFAs?
A. Yes, webinars will be held to provide information on the grant program and walk potential grantees through the process of completing the RFAs.
Q. Are center-based and home-based facilities eligible for these funds?
A. Yes, webinars will be held to provide information on the grant program. The webinar will include walking through the RFA and answering questions.
Q. Is this webinar being recorded and will the PowerPoint be posted?
A. The webinar was recorded and is scheduled to be posted to the website in the coming weeks. The PowerPoint will also be available on the website.
Q. How do I know if I am eligible for funding and/or if my project will be funded?
A. The Request for Application (RFA) overview and instructions on the website will assist you in determining the answers to your questions for your organization/agency type and project scope.
Q. What is the definition of a Local Educational Agency (LEA)?
A. As defined in Welfare and Institution Code (WIC) Section 10213.5(aj) “Local educational agency” means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district.
Q. What is considered a “home-based facility”?
A. A home-based facility is a licensed Family Child Care Home.
Q. Are awards based on a first come first-serve application?
A. No. The application is open from February 7, 2022, to March 25, 2022. Once the application deadline has occurred, all applications will be screened and scored.
Q. What is “applicants who do not meet experience and tenure requirements of being in operation on or before August 1, 2021” mean?
A. “Experience and tenure requirements” mean that an applicant must have an active license on or before August 1, 2021.
Q. When will an applicant be notified if they are awarded any grant funds?
A. Depending on the number of applications and the variety of projects seeking funding, successful applicants could receive a grant award letter between April 2022 and September 2022.
Q. For RFA 1- Minor Renovation and Repairs, what are the funding limitations?
A. Center-based projects can request up to $249,999 and home-based projects can request up to $75,000. It is at the discretion of the CDSS to determine the appropriate grant amount for each grantee, based upon factors that include, but are not limited to, the scope of the project, regional costs, the use of universal design to provide inclusive environments, the need to meet licensing requirements or health and safety standards, and the proportion of children receiving subsidies to be served.
Q. Do the funding limitations (maximums) apply to each agency or each site?
A. Funding limitations apply to each site, not each agency.
Q. What is the minimum funding an applicant can request?
A. There is no minimum.
Q. Can an agency request funding for multiple projects?
A. Yes, multiple projects located at one site can be requested on the same application as long as the project meets all requirements in the Request for Application Overview and Instructions.
Q. What are the allowable/unallowable costs associated with the minor renovations and repairs?
A. Please review the Request for Application Overview and Instructions on the website. Allowable and unallowable costs are listed on page 7.
Q. Can I print the application ahead of time?
A. The application is available in PDF in English and Spanish on the Minor Renovations and Repairs web page.
Q. Can an applicant apply for both RFAs/grants?
A. Yes, provided the projects meet all requirements in the Request for Application Overview and Instructions. Please note: the CDSS is in the planning phases of the New Construction and Major Renovation RFA and is not able to answer specific questions at this time.
Q. Is this grant available to providers who provide services to California children/families?
A. Yes, this grant program is available to providers in the entire state of California.
Q. If the applicant already completed the renovation and/or repair, can the applicant be reimbursed?
A. An applicant may apply for reimbursement if they meet all requirements detailed in the RFA and the project expenses occurred on or after August 1, 2021. Expenses that occurred prior to August 1, 2021, are not allowed/eligible for reimbursement.
Q. What does the term “Project Scope” mean in the narrative section of the application?
A. The project scope is meant to summarize your programs, your project, and the reason you are requesting the funding. It is your opportunity to tell the story of your project and how it will impact your programs and how it relates to the categories of the RFA (Health and safety improvements, emergency mitigation, COVID-19 mitigation and or increasing ADA accessibility).
Q. Can I use this funding to acquire a building or open a new site?
A. No, this RFA is for renovation and repairs that support existing childcare spaces which were licensed on or after August 1, 2021.
Q. My project started before August 1, 2021 but is not completed. May I apply?
A. You may apply only for the expenses that occurred on or after August 1, 2021.
Q. Do I qualify if I rent my space?
A. Yes. Eligible applicants must have proof of site control, which may be through lease.
Q. I would like to withdraw my application. What are the steps to do that?
A. To withdraw your application, applicants can visit this Submittable support page for help.
Q. If I withdraw my application, is there a waiting period to reapply or can I withdraw and apply instantly?
A. There is no waiting period to reapply. Once an applicant withdraws their application and wishes to resubmit, an applicant can do so immediately.
Q. Where can I find information regarding CSPP facilities grant information since LEAs are not eligible for this infrastructure grant?
A. A FoThe CSPP facilities grant information can be found on the Department of General Services website: https://www.dgs.ca.gov/OPSC/Services/Page-Content/Office-of-Public-School-Construction-Services-List-Folder/Access-Full-Day-Kindergarten-Facilities-Grant-Program-Funding?search=Current%20Funds%20Available%20in%20Proposition%2051
Q. Do I need an application for each site if I have multiple sites?
A. Yes, an application is needed for each site. There is no limit to the number of submissions an applicant is allowed to submit. An individual could submit multiple applications within their same account. Alternately, an applicant could create a new account for each application.
Q. Is System for Award Management (SAM) registration and a DUNS number required to apply for this grant?
A. No, SAM registration and a DUNS number are not required to apply for this grant. Applicants registered on SAM should include that information as part of their application. However, applications will not be rejected if they are not registered on SAM or do not have a DUNS number. All applicants are encouraged to apply even if the application is submitted without a SAM registration or DUNS number.
Q. Does it cost anything to register with the System Award Management (SAM)?
A. No. The official United States government website is a free management program and does not cost anything to register with the program. The application no longer requires applicants to register with SAMS/DUNS; however, if an applicant currently has a number and registration, the applicant has the option of submitting that information.
Q. My center is located on a school district campus and/or community college. Am I eligible?
A. The eligibility of agencies and projects are based on which entity holds the Community Care License.
Q. I am a tuition-based, private, and/or non-subsidized program. Do I qualify?
A. Please review the Request for Application Overview and Instructions on the website. Information on eligibility starts on page 3.
Q. Why is a copy of the lease or signed documentation from the landlord required?
a) In order to be considered for funding, applicants must demonstrate proof of site control for the entire term of the grant. Site control can be demonstrated through a lease, rental agreement, deed, property tax statement, or mortgage payment coupon.
b) For Family Child Care Home Providers - The licensee must obtain the written consent of the property owner when the family day care home is operated on property that is leased or rented.
c) For Center-based providers - Evidence of control of property may include, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) a Grant Deed showing ownership; or
(2) the lease agreement or rental agreement; or
(3) a court order or similar document that shows the authority to control the property pending outcome of a probate proceeding or estate settlement.
Q. Why can’t faith-based organizations apply for the money if they practice a faith-based curriculum?
a) Pursuant to Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations (CCR) section 18017, the contractor shall not provide nor be reimbursed for child care and development services which include religious instruction or worship.
b) For information on federal law and the use of federal grants to fund religious activities, see: https://www.hhs.gov/answers/grants-and-contracts/what-are-the-rules-on-funding-religious-activity-with-federal-money/index.html
Q. How do I know if I have to pay Prevailing Wage for my project?
A. The CDSS cannot provide advice regarding prevailing wage requirements because this differs by different jurisdictions. If you have questions about this, it is best that you contact your local city/county and the CA Dept of Industrial Relations.
Q. I need to register with the Secretary of State and provide proof of my application. What is the website?
A. Please go to the Secretary of State web site and follow the instructions: https://www.sos.ca.gov/business-programs/business-entities/faqs#form-question2. It is important to note that Family Child Care Home providers do not need to register with the Secretary of State. Therefore, please indicate that in the appropriate location on the application.
Q. What is considered major construction?
A. Major renovation includes, but is not limited to, the following: Structural changes, including but not limited to, changes to the foundation, the floor, the roof, and the exterior, altering load-bearing walls of a facility, or extending a facility to increase its floor area. It also includes extensive alterations of a facility such as significantly changing its function and purpose, even if such a renovation does not include any structural change. These major construction and renovation projects are not allowable in this RFA. If this is the nature of your project, please continue to visit the website and sign up for the email notification for the release of the New Construction and Major Renovations RFA. Please review the Request for Application Overview and Instructions for allowable and nonallowable costs.
Q. Can the CDSS help me with my application or provide any technical assistance on the application?
A. Statute requires the CDSS award infrastructure grants on a competitive basis. As a result, the CDSS cannot provide 1:1 guidance to applicants. If you are having technical difficulties with Submittable, please email CCDDFacilities@dss.ca.gov for assistance. Applicants are also encouraged to seek assistance from their local Resource and Referral Agency and/or the Local Planning Council.
Q. Do awards have to be in a separate, interest-bearing bank account from the account used for operating expenses?
A. While the CDSS recommends grant funds to be kept in a separate bank account, Grantees will not be required to do so nor are they required to maintain grant funds in an interest-bearing account. Grantee will, however, be required to detail how grant funds were spent and include invoices or receipts for all expenditures as part of the required reporting for grant funds.
Q. Do I have to serve subsidized children and families to be eligible?
A. Applicants must serve low-income families and/or families that qualify for subsidized programs.
Q. Are grants taxable and/or will this grant effect my property taxes as income?
A. The CDSS cannot provide advice on income or property taxes. Please seek the advice of a tax professional.
Q. What if my project gets delayed and I cannot complete within 120 days?
A. Grantees may request to extend the time for project completion in writing. It shall be at the department’s discretion whether to approve an extension. However, all work funded by this Grant shall be completed no later than June 30, 2023.
Q. I am seeking a reimbursement for work and equipment that was done after August 1, 2021, but I only got one bid/estimate for that work. Can I request reimbursement?
A. We encourage applicants to submit an application. This is a competitive grant. Applications that meet all the requirements will be prioritized.
Q. The RFA states that "all applications and accompanying documentation submitted to CDSS in connection with this RFA become public record". What information will become public record?
A. Subject to the Public Records Act (Government Code Section 6250 et seq.) applications and accompanying documentation are public records, subject to exemptions provided by law, such as name and social security numbers.
Q. The application requests a copy of Schedule C from my taxes. What other tax forms are acceptable?
a) A Form 1065 or Schedule K-1 are also acceptable tax forms.
b) Please contact your tax professional regarding forms regarding your child care business and they should provide you with examples of forms that are applicable to your business.
Q. Where can I find information regarding CSPP facilities grant information since LEAs are not eligible for this infrastructure grant?
A. The CSPP facilities grant information can be found on the Department of General Services website: https://www.dgs.ca.gov/OPSC/Services/Page-Content/Office-of-Public-School-Construction-Services-List-Folder/Access-Full-Day-Kindergarten-Facilities-Grant-Program-Funding?search=Current%20Funds%20Available%20in%20Proposition%2051